If you’re looking for the world’s largest shrimp and prawn species, you’re in the right place. In this article, we will discuss the top 10 largest shrimp and prawn species in the world.
While the majority of shrimp species are typically small, some can reach sizes comparable to prawns. Both shrimp and prawns fall under the decapod family of crustaceans, with the term “prawn” often used interchangeably with shrimp in various countries, including the United Kingdom.
A notable physical difference lies in their anatomy: prawns generally have longer legs and three distinct pairs of claws, making them larger crustaceans commonly found in freshwater habitats, whereas shrimp are predominantly marine creatures. While there are additional distinctions between the two, their similarities cannot be overlooked.
Which shrimp species are bigger? What is the shrimp species? In this article, we will provide information about the 10 largest shrimp and shrimp species in the world. Swim around in ocean and freshwater lakes. Let’s take a look at it briefly.
10. Deep water rose Prawn: It has a size range of 16-19 cm
The deep-water rose shrimp, a demersal Prawn, is very important to fisheries in the eastern Mediterranean and southern Adriatic Seas. Despite its size, it holds ecological significance, contributing to the balance of marine ecosystems and serving as a valuable resource for commercial fisheries and marine environmental sustainability. Despite their small size, deep-water rose Prawn remain a significant species in aquatic ecosystems.
09. Chinese White Shrimp: This species can grow to a size of 17-19 cm
The Chinese White Shrimp, also known as Fenneropenaeus chinensis or oriental shrimp, is a popular commercial species found in subtropical to tropical waters. With a prawn size of 17-19 cm, it is a popular seafood choice in many parts of the world.
This warm-water species is widely farmed in China, Japan, and other Asian countries, making it an essential addition to any aquarium.
08. White Shrimp: It has a size range of 18-20 cm
The White Shrimp, a popular species of prawn, is found in tropical waters in the United States. This benthic warm-water species, known for its high-quality meat, can grow up to 23 cm in length.
It is a popular seafood choice and is widely farmed in various countries, including the United States. The largest prawn ever caught is the White Shrimp, which can be found in aquariums.
07. Pink Shrimp: This species can reach a size of 28 cm
The Pink Shrimp, also known as Farfantepenaeus duorarum, is a species found in the southern Chesapeake Bay, Florida Keys, and the Gulf of Mexico to the Yucatan south of Cabo Catoche, Mexico.
This sustainable and responsibly regulated seafood is available year-round, with peaks in winter. The pinkish-red shells and pearly white meat make it a good source of protein, selenium, and vitamin B12. The largest prawn ever caught is found in the aquarium, with peaks in the winter.
06. White Leg Shrimp: It can grow to a size of 23-28 cm
The largest shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, is a popular species in aquaculture, growing up to 9 inches in length. Found in subtropical to tropical waters, it is known for its translucent body and blue-green hue.
Typically raised in ponds due to strict controls, the largest shrimp or prawn in an aquarium is a rare sight.
05. Kuruma Prawn: This species has a size range of 25-30 cm
The Kuruma Prawn, also known as Penaeus japonicus, is the largest shrimp species with a 25-30 cm size. It is renowned for its economic importance and is widely distributed across the Western Pacific.
Its life cycle, fishery, and stock enhancement strategies are crucial for commercial fisheries and research. Responsible management and a well-stocked aquarium are essential for its conservation.
04. Eastern King Prawn: It can reach a size of 30 cm
The largest shrimp and prawn size are significant in the fishery, with the Eastern King Prawn being a significant species known for its firm flesh and attractive presentation.
The fishery has expanded offshore over the last decade, with increased research on spawning stock and the species’ life cycle and behavior.
03. California Spot Prawn: It has a size range of 25-30 cm
The California Spot Prawn, the largest shrimp species found on the U.S. West Coast, is a popular seafood choice and sustainably harvested in various regions, including Canada’s west coast waters.
Known for its firm texture, delicate flavor, and sweet taste, this fast-growing and short-lived species contributes to its sustainability and is often used in dishes like Sauteed Garlic Prawns and Spot Prawn Tortellini.
02. Giant Freshwater Prawn: This species can grow to be around 30 cm in length
The Giant Freshwater Prawn, also known as Macrobrachium rosenbergii, is the largest freshwater prawn species in the world, endemic to Southeast Asia, India, northern Australia, and other tropical regions.
This popular species, able to grow up to 30 cm in length, is a popular choice among prawn farmers and is commonly cultured on a large scale. The prawn’s brownish-gray or greenish body makes it a popular choice for aquariums..
01. Giant Tiger Prawn: It is the largest prawn in the world, reaching about 33 cm in size
The tiger prawn, the largest prawn globally, is a significant industry in the cultivation of small invertebrates and decaying matter.
Despite its lifespan of three years, the tiger prawn poses a threat to coastal environments, making sustainability crucial in the prawn farming industry.
The largest shrimp in the North Pacific, the California Spot Prawn, is a remarkable array of crustaceans, including the colossal 33 cm Giant Tiger Prawn and the 30 cm Giant Freshwater Prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii).
These creatures contribute to marine ecosystems, global fisheries, and aquaculture, making them a subject of fascination for researchers and seafood enthusiasts.