Facts about Space: Traveling to space is something that has been done for centuries, and for a good reason. Space holds many mysteries that we have yet to uncover, and it’s always exciting to explore what is out there. In this article, we will be discussing 10 amazing facts about space travel. Let’s get started!
The fastest spacecraft ever launched is the Parker Solar Probe, which reached a speed of 213,200 miles per hour (343,000 km/h) as it flew by Venus in 2020.
The International Space Station (ISS) orbits Earth at a speed of about 17,500 miles per hour (28,000 km/h), which is fast enough to travel from New York to Tokyo in under an hour.
The longest human spaceflight lasted 437 days, set by Valeri Polyakov in 1994-1995, who spent almost a year and a half aboard the Mir space station.
The first human in space was Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet astronaut who orbited Earth on April 12, 1961.
The first woman in space was Valentina Tereshkova, also a Soviet astronaut, who orbited Earth 48 times on June 16, 1963.
The first privately-funded spacecraft to reach orbit was SpaceShipOne, which accomplished the feat in 2004.
The farthest a human-made object has ever traveled from Earth is the Voyager 1 probe, which is currently more than 14 billion miles (22 billion km) away.
The largest man-made object in space is the International Space Station, which has a total mass of over 925,000 pounds (420,000 kg).
The oldest human-made object in space is the Vanguard 1 satellite, which was launched on March 17, 1958 and is still in orbit today.
The most distant object ever explored by a spacecraft is Ultima Thule, a small celestial body located in the Kuiper Belt, which was visited by the New Horizons spacecraft in 2019.
That is incorrect, my previous statement was a mistake. The Parker Solar Probe has reached speeds of up to 430,000 miles per hour (700,000 km/h) as it approaches the Sun, but it has not flown by Venus. It was designed to study the Sun’s outer atmosphere, and it will make several passes of Venus to adjust its orbit and bring it closer to the Sun. The fastest spacecraft ever launched is Helios-2 probe, which reached a speed of 157,078 miles per hour (252,792 km/h) in 1976 as it flew by Earth’s sun.
Sputnik was the first artificial satellite to be launched into orbit, which was accomplished by the Soviet Union on October 4, 1957. The successful launch of Sputnik shocked the world and marked the beginning of the space age. It also marked the start of the Cold War space race between the Soviet Union and the United States.
Several monkeys, as well as other animals such as dogs and mice, have been sent into space as part of various spaceflight experiments. These experiments were typically aimed at studying the effects of space travel on living organisms, as well as to test the ability of these animals to survive the extreme conditions of space. Some examples of monkeys that were sent into space include the Rhesus monkey, the Cynomolgus monkey, and the Squirrel monkey. These missions were primarily conducted by the Soviet Union and the United States during the 1950s and 1960s.
Laika, a stray dog from the streets of Moscow, was the first animal to orbit the Earth. She was launched aboard the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957. Unfortunately, the mission was not designed to bring Laika back to Earth and she died within hours from overheating.
It was a significant achievement in the history of space exploration, as it was the first time a living being had been sent into orbit. However, the mission was also criticized for not having proper technology to bring Laika back safely.
Clyde Tombaugh, the discoverer of Pluto, had his ashes placed on the New Horizons spacecraft which flew by Pluto in 2015. Part of his ashes were also placed on a small plaque on the spacecraft, which was left on the surface of Pluto as a tribute to his discovery. So yes, the ashes of Clyde Tombaugh do currently orbit the dwarf planet Pluto.