25 Interesting Facts About South America

Welcome to a journey of discovery through the vibrant and diverse continent of South America. With its stunning landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and fascinating history, South America beckons travelers from around the world to explore its wonders.

In this article, we embark on an exploration of 25 captivating facts that illuminate the essence of South America. From the towering peaks of the Andes to the lush expanses of the Amazon Rainforest, this continent is a testament to the beauty and complexity of the natural world. Let’s delve into 25 Interesting Facts About South America.

List of 25 Interesting Facts About South America

1. South America spans vast expanses, ranging from deserts to lush rainforests.

South America offers a multitude of sights to explore. Surprisingly, South America covers over 17.8 million square kilometers, occupying a significant portion of the southern Western Hemisphere. This expanse constitutes one-eighth of the Earth’s surface, surpassing the size of Europe by twofold. The sheer scale of its landmass is truly remarkable.

2. South America is home to a total of 12 countries.

South America is home to twelve sovereign states, namely Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. In addition to these independent nations, there are also three dependent territories: the Falkland Islands (UK), French Guiana (France), and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK).

3. The Amazon Rainforest contributes 20% of the world's oxygen supply.

The Amazon Rainforest captivates with its stunning array of lush flora and fauna, serving as the habitat for over 10 percent of the Earth’s species. It plays a crucial role as the green lung of our planet, contributing a staggering 20% of the world’s oxygen. Undoubtedly, it stands as a global ecological powerhouse, showcasing the immense biodiversity and environmental significance it holds.

4. Certain indigenous tribes remain isolated from modern civilization.

In our interconnected world, it can be challenging to fathom that there are indigenous tribes who remain largely untouched by modern civilization. Over recent years, discoveries have revealed some of these tribes hidden deep within the Amazon rainforest. However, scientists speculate that there are still more tribes concealed even further within the forest depths.

5. On the continent, over 300 languages are spoken.

English, Spanish, and Portuguese stand as the most prevalent languages across the continent. However, indigenous languages persist among a significant portion of the population, including Quechua (with 8.9 million speakers), Guarani (with 4.9 million speakers), and Aymara (with 2.8 million speakers). Moreover, linguists approximate that beyond these prominent languages, there are over 300 additional languages spoken daily throughout the continent.

6. La Paz holds the distinction of being the world's highest capital.

The capital of Bolivia sits at an impressive elevation of 3,640 meters (11,942 ft), rendering it one of the highest cities globally and securing its status as the world’s highest capital. Many travelers arriving in La Paz by air require several days to acclimate to the higher altitude.

7. The location houses the driest spot on the planet.

The Atacama Desert holds the title of being the driest place on Earth, with certain areas having never experienced any recorded rainfall. It exhibits an extraordinary aridity, and even in sections that have received recent rainfall, some had endured over 40 years without precipitation.

8. Brazil holds the distinction of being the largest country in South America.

Brazil spans approximately 47.3% of the continent and stands as the largest country in both population and land area within South America. With a population exceeding 210 million people, Brazil also ranks among the largest nations globally.

9. Suriname holds the distinction of being the smallest country in South America.

Suriname, conversely, bears the distinction of being the smallest country in South America, characterized by one of the lowest population densities globally. With approximately 568,000 inhabitants, it encompasses a land area spanning 163,821 square kilometers (63,252 square miles).

10. Aconcagua stands as the tallest mountain on the continent.

Aconcagua, standing at an impressive 6,962 meters above sea level, is recognized as the tallest mountain outside of Asia and the highest peak in South America. It commands a majestic presence in Argentina’s landscape.

11. A delicious land of coffee beans and beverages

In the heart of mist-kissed valleys, where emerald leaves sway, lies a realm of aromatic enchantment. Here, coffee beans are the currency of dreams, traded in whispers over sun-kissed hills. The air hums with the alchemy of roasted secrets, and each cup holds a universe of stories.

Espresso rivers flow, swift and dark, carving through ancient groves. Baristas, like sorcerers, conjure elixirs—cappuccinoslattes, and macchiatos—each sip a voyage to distant lands. The morning sun kisses porcelain cups, awakening sleepy souls.

In this delicious land, time slows, conversations deepen, and the world dissolves into fragrant swirls. Here, we raise our mugs, grateful for the magic brewed from humble beans.

12. Christianity, stemming from the life

Christianity, stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth in the 1st century CE, has blossomed into the largest of the world’s religions. With over two billion followers, it spans continents and cultures. The Christian faith revolves around beliefs concerning Jesus’s birth, life, crucifixion, and resurrection. Geographically, it is widely diffused, with significant branches including the Roman Catholic ChurchEastern Orthodox churches, and Protestant churchesPentecostalismCharismatic Christianity, and Evangelicalism also shape its diverse landscape. In this vast tapestry, independent churches thrive, weaving threads of devotion across the globe.

13. Largest cities in South America

1. São Paulo, Brazil: With a staggering population of 12 million, São Paulo stands as the continent’s largest metropolis. Its vibrant energy, diverse neighborhoods, and thriving arts scene make it a global hub.

2. Lima, Peru: Lima, nestled on the Pacific coast, boasts 8.9 million inhabitants. From ancient Inca ruins to modern culinary delights, this city is a captivating blend of tradition and modernity.

3. Bogotá, Colombia: The Colombian capital houses 7.9 million people. Its high-altitude location in the Andes offers stunning vistas, rich history, and a lively cultural scene.

4. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Famous for its iconic Christ the Redeemer statue and vibrant Carnival, Rio is home to 6.5 million residents. Its beaches, samba rhythms, and lush landscapes enchant visitors.

5. Santiago, Chile: Nestled against the Andes, Santiago hosts 5.5 million people. Modern skyscrapers coexist with historic architecture, and the city’s wine culture adds to its allure.

14. South America is rich in historical wars and conflicts

South America, a continent of vast landscapes and cultural diversity, has been shaped by a tumultuous history of wars and conflicts. Let’s delve into some pivotal moments:

1. Inca Empire Expansion: The Inca rulers, such as Topa Inca Yupanqui and Huayna Capac, extended their realm across much of present-day Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. Their military conquests left an indelible mark on South America.

2. Argentine Wars: From the War of Independence to the Dirty War, Argentina has witnessed intense internal strife. The Falklands War with Britain in 1982 remains a defining moment.

3. Paraguay War: A brutal conflict involving Uruguay, Argentina, and Brazil, it devastated Paraguay and reshaped the region.

4. Pacific War: Bolivia and Peru clashed over access to the Pacific coast, resulting in territorial losses for Bolivia.

5. Chaco War: Bolivia and Paraguay fought over the Chaco region, rich in oil. The war claimed thousands of lives.

15. Soccer, South America is known as soccer in most parts of the world.

Football, known as soccer in most parts of the world, is more than just a sport in South America—it’s a deep-rooted passion that unites nations and transcends boundaries. From the bustling streets of Buenos Aires to the sandy beaches of Rio de Janeiro, the love for football courses through the veins of South Americans.

ArgentinaBrazil, and Uruguay stand at the heart of this fervor. The first soccer match in Argentina took place on the grounds of the Buenos Aires Cricket Club in 1867, where the Planetarium now stands. European sailors introduced the game in the bustling port of Buenos Aires, and it gradually spread to nearby urban areas. Schools and sports clubs fueled its rise in popularity, making it an integral part of the cultural fabric.

In Brazil, football is more than a game—it’s a way of life. The Seleção, Brazil’s national team, has clinched the World Cup title a record five times. The iconic yellow jersey, the samba flair, and the legendary players like Pelé and Neymar have left an indelible mark on the world stage.

Uruguay, with its rich football history, boasts two World Cup victories and a fierce rivalry with Argentina. The Estadio Centenario witnessed the first-ever World Cup final in 1930, where Uruguay emerged victorious. The passion of the charrúas (Uruguayan people) for their beloved sport is palpable in every corner of the country.

From dusty favelas to grand stadiums, South America’s love affair with football is eternal. It’s more than goals and victories—it’s a celebration of identity, resilience, and the beautiful game itself.

16.The mesmerizing wonder that is Salar de Uyuni.

The mesmerizing wonder that is Salar de Uyuni, the world’s largest salt flat. Located in Potosi, southwest Bolivia, this vast expanse covers over 10,000 square kilometers—an area equivalent to 12,000 football fields! Imagine standing on a prehistoric lakebed, now encrusted with a thick layer of salt, at an elevation of 3,660 meters (11,995 feet) above sea level.

Salar de Uyuni was shaped by the transformation of ancient lakes that existed around 40,000 years ago. Today, its salt crust, several meters thick, creates an otherworldly flatness. This unique landscape serves as a source of salt and hides a brine pool rich in lithium. But that’s not all—after rain, the flat transforms into a gigantic mirror, spanning 129 kilometers (80 miles) across, reflecting the sky and mountains.

Beyond its natural marvels, the Salar plays a practical role as a major transport route across the Bolivian Altiplano. It’s also a prime breeding ground for flamingos. And did you know? Filmmakers have used this surreal setting for movies like Star Wars: The Last Jedi and The Fall.

17. Pink dolphins swim in the Amazon River

The enchanting world of the Amazon River Dolphins, also known as pink dolphins or botos. These captivating creatures inhabit the freshwater rivers of South America, specifically the Amazon and Orinoco river basins in countries like Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela. Here are some fascinating facts about these delightful dolphins:

Unique Habitat: The Amazon river dolphin lives exclusively in freshwater. Its rosy hue and graceful movements make it a true gem of the river ecosystems. With an estimated population in the tens of thousands, it thrives despite the challenges it faces.

Vulnerable Status: Despite its abundance, the pink dolphin is classified as vulnerable in certain areas. Dams fragment their habitats, and contamination of rivers and lakes poses additional threats. Conservation efforts are crucial to protect these gentle cetaceans.

Friendly Encounters: Pink dolphins are known for their friendly interactions with humans. Stories abound of them pushing people to the shores, creating a magical connection between land and water. They swim up to 30 kilometers a day, often leisurely exploring the riverbed for food.

Sun-Kissed Skin: Why are they pink? The exact reason remains a mystery. It could be due to genetic mutations, changes in diet, or constant sun exposure that subtly bleaches their skin. Regardless, their blush-colored appearance adds to their allure.

Flexibility and Adaptation: These dolphins have an impressive number of vertebrae, granting them remarkable flexibility. They gracefully navigate between submerged roots and vegetation, a testament to their adaptation to their watery home.

So next time you venture into the Amazon, keep an eye out for these delightful pink river dolphins—they’re a living wonder in the heart of the rainforest!

18. South America is a land of stunning natural beauty and rich cultural diversity

South America is a land of stunning natural beauty and rich cultural diversity. From the lush Amazon rainforest to the towering Andes mountains, this continent is a feast for the senses. Visitors can explore the vibrant cities of Rio de Janeiro and Buenos Aires, savor the world-renowned cuisine of Peru, and trek through the breathtaking landscapes of Patagonia

The ancient ruins of Machu Picchu and the Galapagos Islands offer a glimpse into the region’s fascinating history and unique wildlife. South America truly delights with its culinary treasures, from Argentina’s Asado to Brazil’s Feijoada.

19. Five fascinating facts about South America

Let’s explore five fascinating facts about South America, perfect for curious young minds:

1. Continent Size and Population: South America is the fourth largest continent in terms of land area and the fifth largest when considering population. It stretches from just above the equator down to the Antarctic, connected to North America by land.

2. Brazil: The Giant: Brazil, the largest country in South America, covers more than half of the continent’s landmass. It’s only slightly smaller than the USA! Its bustling city, Sao Paulo, boasts a whopping 22.6 million inhabitants.

3. Tiny Suriname: Suriname, once known as Dutch Guiana, holds the title of the smallest country in South America. It gained independence from the Netherlands in 1975.

4. Highs and Lows: South America is home to the highest navigable lakeLake Titicaca, nestled between Bolivia and Peru. At about 3,800 meters (12,467 feet) above sea level, it’s often called the “Birthplace of the Incas.” Meanwhile, the Amazon River, stretching 6,437 kilometers (4,000 miles), is not only the second longest river globally but also carries more water than the world’s other top 10 rivers combined! And don’t forget Aconcagua, Argentina’s towering mountain at 6,961 meters (22,837 feet), the second highest of the world’s ‘Seven Summits.

5. Desert and Diversity: While South America’s rainforests are some of the wettest places on Earth, the Atacama Desert in Chile stands as the driest place. This continent also hosts two landlocked countries: Paraguay and Bolivia. The rich history of South America dates back to 10,000 BC, with indigenous civilizations flourishing in Peru.

So, young explorers, get ready to delve into the wonders of South America—where vibrant cultures, stunning landscapes, and incredible biodiversity await!

20. Five Fascinating 5 x Fun Facts about South America

Here are five fascinating facts about South America that will ignite your wanderlust:

1. Underground River Beneath the Amazon: The mighty Amazon River is renowned worldwide, but did you know that just 4 kilometers below its surface flows an underground waterway called Rio Hamza? Unlike a traditional river, Rio Hamza starts vertically and then curves horizontally. Despite its length, it holds nowhere near the same volume of water as the Amazon.

2. Guinea Pig Delicacy: In Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru, guinea pigs aren’t just adorable pets—they’re also a culinary delight! These furry critters have been eaten for centuries. Traditionally, they were bred for warmth, used in rituals, and served on special occasions. Imagine a crispy-skinned guinea pig, resembling its living state, gracing Andean tables.

3. Spanish Across the ContinentNine South American countries share Spanish as an official language: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Paraguay, and Uruguay. However, many of these nations also embrace indigenous languages, with Bolivia recognizing over 30 official languages.

4. Highest Navigable Lake: South America boasts the world’s highest navigable lakeLake Titicaca. Nestled between Bolivia and Peru, this stunning lake sits at an impressive altitude of 3,812 meters (12,507 feet). Its crystal-clear waters and ancient cultures make it a must-visit destination.

Ecological Marvels: From the Andes to the Amazon Rainforest, South America is a land of extremes. It’s home to the world’s largest beetles, most poisonous frogs, largest snakes, biggest butterflies, most dangerous fish, and even the tiniest monkeys.

So pack your bags and explore this captivating continent—it’s a treasure trove of natural wonders and cultural diversity!

21.South America, a continent of extremes, boasts a wealth of natural resources.

South America, a continent of extremes, boasts a wealth of natural resources that shape its economy and environment. From the lush Amazon rainforest to the arid Atacama Desert, this diverse landmass holds treasures:

1. Minerals: South America is home to abundant goldsilvercopperiron oretin, and petroleum reserves. These resources drive economic growth and global trade

2. Oil and Gas: Venezuela’s Lake Maracaibo and the Caribbean coastal margin hold vast oil and natural gas deposits. Brazil and other countries also contribute to the region’s energy wealth.

3. Forests: The continent shelters primary forests, vital for biodiversity and climate regulation. Over 30% of the world’s primary forests thrive here.

4. Freshwater: South America’s rivers, including the mighty Amazon, provide plentiful freshwater for agriculture, industry, and daily life.

5. Fisheries: Rich marine ecosystems support thriving fisheries, sustaining livelihoods and culinary traditions.

South America’s natural bounty invites exploration and responsible stewardship. 

22. The Atacama Desert place on Earth

The Atacama Desert, located in Arica, Chile, holds the title of being the driest place on Earth. Its annual rainfall is a mere 0.03 inches—a stark contrast to its vast, barren expanse. This arid landscape has riverbeds that have remained dry for 120,000 years, and scientists estimate that the Atacama has been a desert for over three million years

The constant temperature inversion, caused by the cool north-flowing Humboldt Ocean current and the strong Pacific anticyclone, contributes to its extreme aridity. NASA’s astrobiologists even study this Martian-like environment, hoping to uncover clues about life on other planets

23. European Colonization Decolonization and Independence Movements: A Postwar Transformation

European colonization during the 19th century saw powerful European nations establish dominion over vast territories in Africa and Southeast Asia. These imperial powers viewed these continents as sources of raw materials, labor, and future settlements. However, after World War II, a remarkable transformation occurred: the rapid collapse of European empires in a phenomenon known as decolonization

By the late 1960s, nearly the entire African continent had gained independence, whereas during World War II, most of it remained under European rule. This process was often tumultuous, marked by violence and resistance. The United Nations played a crucial role in promoting anti-colonialism, and the thirst for independence among colonized peoples drove this historic shift.

24. Unique Wildlife And Biodiversity conservation

Biodiversity conservation is crucial for safeguarding our planet’s rich tapestry of life. Among the most remarkable contributors to this effort are UNESCO World Heritage sites. These sites not only showcase human history and culture but also harbor extraordinary biological diversity. Covering less than 1% of Earth’s surface, they protect over 20% of mapped global species richness—a haven for countless plant and animal species.

 From 75,000 plant species to 30,000 mammals, birds, fishes, reptiles, and amphibians, these sites play a vital role in preserving ecosystem integrity. Let us all be Futurekeepers, supporting the critical work to protect these precious places.

25. South America Geography chapter

South America, the southern portion of the New World, encompasses the entire continent of South America. Although smaller in physical area than North America, it surpasses Europe, Antarctica, and Australia. The Atlantic Ocean borders it to the east, while the Pacific Ocean lies to the west. The narrow Isthmus of Panama separates it from its northern neighbors. The equator runs through the northern part, dominating the tropical climates of the vast Amazon Basin.

South of the Tropic of Capricorn lies the Southern Cone, home to regions like the Pampas and Patagonia. Tierra del Fuego, with its southernmost point at Cape Horn, completes this diverse realm.


In conclusion, South America stands as a continent of remarkable diversity, rich history, and unparalleled natural beauty. From the vast Amazon Rainforest to the towering peaks of the Andes Mountains, South America captivates the imagination with its stunning landscapes and vibrant cultures.

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